In Vietnam, the two most common types of coffee are Arabica and Robusta. Even so, not everyone knows how to distinguish these two types of coffee! So let’s go with Pho Co Coffee to compare arabica and robusta coffee to find out the differences!
Robusta coffee Vietnam
Robusta coffee has a form of trees, shrubs, they often have height when the school is up to 10m. When theyripen have a circle and their seeds are smaller than those of Arabica coffee. Robusta coffee plants can be harvested from 3 to 4 years old. The tree will give seeds in 20-30 years.
Robusta coffee is preferred to live in the tropics, the height suitable for planting is less than 1000 m. The most suitable temperature of plants is about 24-29 ° C, rainfall is over 1000 mm. Robusta coffee needs more sunlight than arabica coffee.
What is Arabica coffee beans? and the wonderful taste of Arabica coffee beans
In terms of the best growth and development, Robusta coffee plants preferred to live in the tropics and the appropriate height for growing Robusta is less than 1000m. Robusta is easy to adapt to the heat environment in the range of 24 – 29 ° C. Robusta coffee plants also need more sunlight than coffee tea plants.
Arabica coffee tree
Arabica coffee is also known as coffee tree in Vietnam. This tree has small leaves, the height of the tree is not very large, looks like tea plants in Vietnam, so they are called coffee trees.
Arabica is a tree of high economic value among coffees. They account for 75% of world coffee production. However in Vietnam, Robusta is the most popular type of coffee. Arabica coffee plants usually have a modest height of about 2 – 6m, not as high as Robusta coffee. Arabica coffee has oval fruit.
Comparison of Robusta and Arabica coffee
The first thing to mention is the sense. Every kind of food, drink has different flavors, so let’s see how different Robusta and Arabica are!
Robusta is a popular coffee in Vietnam, it tastes very bold and quite suitable for the taste of Vietnamese people. Robusta has a characteristic bitter taste and it is also a strong point of Robusta.
The unique bitter taste, but Robusta does not have the rich and passionate aroma like Arabica. If for Robusta like a quiet, mighty man, Arabica is like a dainty and charming lady because the scent distracts every mind.
Arabica has a strong aroma and a mild bitter taste, not as bold as Robusta. If Robusta has a strong bitter taste, Arabica only has a mild bitter taste and a little sour taste.
The caffeine content in Arabica is also quite low, only about 1.5% while that of Robusta is 2.7%. The high caffeine content is also one of the reasons for Robussta’s strong bitterness. There are many opinions for the content of Robusta such as growing conditions, seed quality, processing technology, coffee roasters and coffee roasting techniques.
Arabica has up to 60% lipid and contains almost twice the amount of sugar in Robusta. This gives Arabica a gentle bitter taste and a passionate scent, not as strong as Robusta.
Shape of coffee beans
Arabica coffee beans are oval, slightly long, in the middle of the grain there is a zigzag pattern and Robusta has a circle and seeds are smaller, in the middle there is a straight and quite deep groove compared to Arabica. In terms of color, if roasting two types of coffee at the same temperature, the color of Arabica will certainly be lighter than that of Robusta because of its strong characteristics and the poor fertility of Arabica making them the same color.