Blue Mountain coffee is one of the most expensive and popular arabica coffee beans in the world. People call Jamaican Blue Mountain to distinguish it from other types of coffee beans.
The tropical island of Jamaica is home to the ideal conditions for growing coffee. Most of the island is surrounded by mountains, including the Blue Mountains – the highest mountain range on the island. And this is also the place where Blue Mountain coffee is born.
At an altitude of over 2000 meters, the Blue Mountains is known as one of the highest coffee growing regions in the world. The climate here is actually pleasing. Moreover, it always has many heavy rainfalls. The soil is vastly nutritious and good water absorbency. The combination of soil and climate creates ideal conditions for coffee planting. Fog is always covered to create the blue hue of the mountain range, that’s why they are called Blue Mountains. Not only is it surrounded by soaring mountains but Jamaica also lies along many long white sand beaches.
And one more specific point is that this type of coffee is not appropriate for other climatic conditions. Climate change will lead to a change in the taste of the coffee. Therefore, it is currently only grown in Jamaica and Hawaii.
Other facts about Blue Mountain coffee:
The Blue Mountains is also the cradle of the 194,000-acre (77,600 ha) national park created to conserve tropical rain forests. The park preserves 800 species of trees and 200 species of birds, many of which only stay alive on the island. Besides, there are some hiking routes to cross over this area.
Coffee does not grow naturally in Jamaica. The Governor, Sir Nicholas Lawes brought several coffee beans to grow on this island in 1728. Arabica coffee beans are the most expensive and popular in the world and now the Blue Mountains coffee is a mainstream-exporting commodity.
To maintain the excellent quality of this coffee, Jamaica established the Jamaican Coffee Industry Board to carry out a strategy for producing and processing this coffee. In this region, most of the Blue Mountains coffee beans are grown by individual farmers rather than on plantations.